Religion Past and Present

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(566 words)

[German Version]

was built in 303/302 bce by Seleucus I in a strategically favorable location in northern Mesopotamia. After the collapse of the Seleucid empire (Seleucids) in 132 bce, it was capital of the Osroene kingdom under the Arab Abgar dynasty, which nominally reigned until 242 ce. Its indigenous name was Urhai, present-day Urfa, a provincial capital in southeast Turkey. In 165/166 ce, Edessa became a Roman client state, and a Colonia Romana in 213. The cession of Nisibis to the Sassanids in 363 made Edessa the most important Roman-Byzantine border fortress of nor…

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Drijvers, Han J.W., “Edessa”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 19 October 2019 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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