Religion Past and Present

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[German Version]

I. General – II. History and Society – III. Religion and Culture

I. General

1. Name/Designations

In Egyptian-Coptic, Egypt is “the black (i.e. land)” (Egyptian *Kū́mut, Coptic Kēme, etc.) after the dark soil, in Semitic languages, generally, Miṣr-, etc., in Hebrew also מָצוֹר /Māṣôr (“border,” i.e. “borderland”?), in Greek after a sanctuary of the god Ptah as a designation for the old capital city Memphis, Aígyptos, i.e. Aígupto-s (in contemporary Egyptian perhaps *Hekoptáḥ).

2. Geog…

Cite this page
Schenkel, Wolfgang, Weintritt, Otfried, Assmann, Jan, Bergman, Jan, Modrzejewski, Joseph Mélèze, Cohen, Mark R., Borchers, Susanne, Ritter, Adolf Martin, Müller, C. Detlef G. and Noth, Albrecht, “Egypt”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 16 October 2021 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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