Religion Past and Present

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(863 words)

[German Version]

I. Philosophy – II. Philosophy of Religion – III. Science and Religion

I. Philosophy

The contrasting positions held by empiricists and rationalists (Rationalism) were originally employed in ancient medicine, and in modern philosophy until I. Kant, to identify instances of bias that were to be avoided; the concept was subsequently used in a neutral or even in an approving sense. In addition, 1. the adjective “empirical” serves to systematically identify epistemological (Epistem…

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Engfer, Jürgen, Byrne, Peter and Peters, Karl E., “Empiricism”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 15 August 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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