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Encratites
(130 words)

[German Version]

The Early Church's heresiologies employ this term (derived from Gk ἐγκράτεια/enkráteia, “self-control,” “abstinence”) to describe a group of ascestics (Asceticism) and date their origins to the 2nd century. Irenaeus traces them back to Saturninus of Antioch and Marcion (Haer. I 28.1); he, like Eusebius of Caesarea, names as founder the Syrian Tatian (Eus. Hist. eccl. IV 29.6). Typical ascetic positions are attributed to them, for example the renunciation of marriage and the consumption of wine (even in Communion). References to the p…

Cite this page
Markschies, Christoph, “Encratites”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 05 May 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1877-5888_rpp_SIM_04364>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013



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