I. Philosophy – II. Ethics
The expression ends and means has its origin in the connection between the praxis and poiesis of action and production. Ends signifies the goal that is aimed at, while means signifies that which is applied or done to achieve the goal.
The concept of the ends is already found in Plato, as “that for the sake of which” (οὗ ἕνεκα/hoú héneka), i.e. that which provides orientation for human life and conduct, and the goal of human striving. In the Republic, this concept is related to the…