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Enthusiasts (Schwärmer)
(1,356 words)

[German Version]

I. Church History – II. Dogmatics – III. Ethics

I. Church History

The term “enthusiasts” (Schwärmer) is not a historiographic category but a theologically evaluative term for a type of piety that by false appeal to the Holy Spirit (Spirit/Holy Spirit) pays inadequate regard to the extra nos of Christian salvation. Luther, along with T. Müntzer and A. v. Karlstadt, shaped its usage in the dispute with the Zwickau Prophets, but could also extend the term in reference to other opponents, even the …

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Leppin, Volker, Enns, Fernando and Stroh, Ralf, “Enthusiasts (Schwärmer)”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 19 January 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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