Religion Past and Present

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Ephesus
(1,220 words)

[German Version]

I. Archaeology – II. Church History

I. Archaeology

Early evidence of settlement in the area of Ephesus dates back to the 5th millennium bce. The city itself was founded sometime after 1200 bce by Ionian Greeks. Lying at the mouth of the River Cayster (though now approx. 10 km from the sea), Ephesus grew wealthy as a seafaring and trading town. Impressive architectural remains still testify to its great prosperity in the Greek and, especially, in the Roman Peri…

Cite this page
Koch, Guntram and Günther, Matthias, “Ephesus”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 16 September 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1877-5888_rpp_COM_04416>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013



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