Religion Past and Present

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I. Archaeology – II. Church History

I. Archaeology

Early evidence of settlement in the area of Ephesus dates back to the 5th millennium bce. The city itself was founded sometime after 1200 bce by Ionian Greeks. Lying at the mouth of the River Cayster (though now approx. 10 km from the sea), Ephesus grew wealthy as a seafaring and trading town. Impressive architectural remains still testify to its great prosperity in the Greek and, especially, in the Roman Period (cap…

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Koch, Guntram and Günther, Matthias, “Ephesus”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 20 October 2021 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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