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Ephesus, Councils of
(835 words)

[German Version]

I. Council of 431 – II. Council of 449

I. Council of 431

1. Occasion

The imperial synod called by Emperor Theodosius II at Pentecost (Jun 7) 431 was already dissolved in October because an irreconcilable division into two synods had developed. This synod only become the third ecumenical council subsequently, although not in the Apostolic Church of the East. The synod's task was to clarify legal matters – perhaps a charge leveled by four Egyptian monks against Cyril of Alexandria? – and christol…

Cite this page
Mühlenberg, Ekkehard, “Ephesus, Councils of”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 20 February 2020 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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