Religion Past and Present

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(541 words)

[German Version]

Antiquity knew various Epicurean schools, nourished especially by the popularity of Epicureanism in Rome. These schools did not adopt Epicurus's philosophy as a system; rather they treated natural philosophy, ethics, and wisdom teaching separately. They paid particular attention to his ethics, but rarely to his philosophy of nature. It was typical of Epicureanism since antiquity that the adoption of Epicurean ideas was always associated with polemic against Epicurus. Because of his atomism and his denial of providence and immortality, Epicurus was the heretic pa…

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Niewöhner, Friedrich, “Epicureanism”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 24 September 2020 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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