I. Philosophy – II. Philosophy of Religion
Essence, from Lat. essentia, “being, essence,” is an abstract noun formed in imitation of Gk ousia, “being, essence,” ¶ that which is characteristic of something, that which makes it what it is.
In Plato's writings, the essence of a matter is under consideration when we ask what something is (τι ἔστι/ti ésti). Here, the essence of a matter is that which is immutable, that which remains the same when appearances change: the idea. Since Plato gave a defin…