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Ethnarch
(175 words)

[German Version]

The Greek title ethnárchēs (ἐϑνάρχης) refers to a ruler of a tribe or a people with no indication of the scope of his authority. It is attested with this unspecific meaning in the Hellenistic-Roman eastern Mediterranean for both Jewish and non-Jewish representatives. The first Jewish ruler recognized as ethnarch by the Seleucids was the Maccabeean Simon (Maccabees), who also held the offices of general and high priest (1 Macc 14:47; 15:1ff.). Later, Hyrcanus I and II were called ethnarchs (Jos. Ant. XIV 148, 151, 191, etc.). Archelaus, the son of Herod, was the last Je…

Cite this page
Jacobs, Martin, “Ethnarch”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 28 October 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1877-5888_rpp_SIM_04688>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013



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