Religion Past and Present

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(644 words)

[German Version]

from Greek εὐδαιμονία, meaning “happiness, bliss” (Lat. beatitudo). Originally a religious concept (eudaímōn, “having a good daimon,” “blessed by God”; cf. Euripides, Orestes 667), it was often used in the sense of having great material wealth, and only entered the vocabulary of philosophical ethics in the 6th/5th century bce. The pre-Socratics were the first to strip the term of its material connotations and used the concept of eudaimonía to describe a good inner disposition of the human soul (cf. Democritus in: Vorsokratiker 68 B 77, D-K; B 170, 171; Heraclitus 22 B…

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Käppel, Lutz, “Eudaimonia,”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 21 May 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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