Religion Past and Present

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[German Version]

I. Catholic – II. Orthodox – III. Protestantism – IV. Judaism

I. Catholic

Excommunication must be defined as a privative term from communicatio and κοινωνíα/koinōnía (cf. 1 Cor 10:16: sharing and participating in the body and blood of Jesus Christ; cf. 2 Cor 13:13: communion in the Holy Spirit). The word excommunication does not occur in the New Testament. The competence of the church to excommunicate is traced back to Matt 16:18f. (the power to bind a…

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Wohlmuth, Josef, Ohme, Heinz, Link, Christoph and Oppenheimer, Aharon, “Excommunication”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 15 July 2024 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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