Religion Past and Present

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[German Version]

I. Philosophy – II. Philosophy of Religion and Dogmatics

I. Philosophy

The philosophical expression, “existence” (Lat. “existential”), first coined in Late Antiquity by Marius Victorinus as a translation of the Greek, ὕπαρξις (hýparxis, “pre-beginning”), has, since the Middle Ages, referred to one of the two fundamental aspects of (finite) being: while the essence (“essential”) of a being constitutes what this being is (substance), its existence consists in…

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Willaschek, Marcus and Deuser, Hermann, “Existence”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 27 June 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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