Religion Past and Present

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Faith and Works
(1,166 words)

[German Version]

The determination of the relationship between faith and works lies at the heart of the doctrine of justification. According to Paul, a sinner is justified by faith “apart from works of the law” (Rom 3:28). Luther made this more specific in his translation by saying that a person is justified “solely by faith, without the works of the law.” The substance of this exclusive understanding of faith was directed against the letter of James (cf. Jas 2:24) and against the Roman Catholic doctrine of grace. According to Luther, faith that …

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Krötke, Wolf, “Faith and Works”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 25 May 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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