Religion Past and Present

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Fortresses
(351 words)

[German Version]

The refuges of tribal societies were often, as in Edom, natural, inaccessible rock formations such as Sela/as-Silʿ; even 11th- and 10th-century sites known as “fortresses” in the Negev actually represent fortified farmsteads of a local population that was not yet fully sedentary. Apart from such structures, military architecture associated with a centralized state could serve both defensive (final line of resistance against invaders) and offensive purposes (operational and reinforcement bases for an army in the field). Mature cities as such were often fortifi…

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Knauf, Ernst Axel, “Fortresses”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 22 February 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1877-5888_rpp_SIM_07581>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013



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