Religion Past and Present

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(441 words)

[German Version]

I. Religious Studies – II. Liturgy

I. Religious Studies

The custom of making olfactory sacrifices to the gods as heavenly beings dates from at least the 4th millennium bce (Egypt. śnčr = “to smoke; to perfume,” lit. “to deify”). However, frankincense, of which there is no evidence in the Mediterranean area before the 8th century bce, should be distinguished from all other types of incense. There was a growing demand for frankincense until the first century ce. This subsequently dropped, and in the 4th century c…

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Knauf, Ernst Axel and Kunzler, Michael, “Frankincense”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 08 August 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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