Religion Past and Present

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Garvey, Marcus
(148 words)

[German Version]

(Aug 17, 1887, St. Ann's Bay, Jamaica – Jun 10, 1940, London), founder of the first and largest black social movement in the United States. Garvey came to Harlem, New York, in 1916 and made it the center of his Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA), which sought to unite and uplift the black race. The movement declined after Garvey was deported from the United States in 1927 following a conviction for mail fraud. Garvey endorsed the establishment of an all-black church. He encouraged blacks to think of God as one of them and reject symbols of white domi…

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Maxson, Rachel E., “Garvey, Marcus”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 15 April 2021 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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