Religion Past and Present

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(358 words)

[German Version]

(Abū Ḥāmid al-Gazzālī; 1058–1111 ce) from Ṭūs in northeastern Iran, the Algazel of the Latin Middle Ages, was one of the most important and, to date, most influential scholars in Islam. From a religious family, he first studied the traditional Islamic disciplines and taught law and theology from 1091 on in the leading Sunni academy in Baghdad. Simultaneously, however, Gazzālī sought to engage with the other intellectual trends of the epoch (Sufism, philosophy, the Šīʿite Ismāʿīlīya; Š…

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Rudolph, Ulrich, “Gazzālī”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 17 January 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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