Religion Past and Present

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[German Version]


An independent republic in Transcaucasia. The Georgian name is Saḳarṭvelo, from “Ḳartveli” = Georgian (after the mythical ancestor Kartlos). The Greeks called the inhabitants ‘Ἱβήροι/Ibēḗroi (Iberians). The Russian “Gruzija” stems from the Arabic and Persian names for Georgia, “al-Kurǧ” or “Gurǧ,” and the western European “Georgia” from St. George, the national saint of Georgia.

Modern-day Georgia, surrounded by Russia, Azerbaijan, Armenia, and Turkey, has an area of 69,500 km2 (similar to Bavaria) and …

Cite this page
Kaufhold, Hubert, “Georgia”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 24 February 2020 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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