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Gesenius, Wilhelm
(275 words)

[German Version]

(Feb 3, 1786, Nordhausen – Oct 23, 1842, Halle). After studies at Helmstedt and Göttingen, Gesenius was appointed professor at Halle in 1810; his lectures on the OT drew as many as 500 people. As compiler of the first corpus of Phoenician inscriptions, he was the father of Northwest Semitic epigraphy (I); he also pioneered the field of Samaritan studies and deciphered Old South Arabic. Averse to all philosophico-linguistic speculation, the young Gesenius refined the treatment of verbs and nouns in Hebrew grammar, achieved lastin…

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Rüterswörden, Udo, “Gesenius, Wilhelm”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 21 September 2023 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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