Religion Past and Present

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(410 words)

[German Version]

The site of el-Jīb, first settled around 3000 bce, was a center of wine production from the Early Bronze through the Iron Ages. Inscriptions and coins at Gibeon record the progression of Egyptian, Israelite, Persian, Greek, Hasmonean, Roman, Byzantine, and Arab control of the city. Tombs appear throughout the periods of habitation into modern times. Excavations have uncovered figurines (female, animals as well as horse and rider) from the Bronze and Iron Ages along with a bronze statuette of the Egyptian god Osiris (Isis and Osiris). Numerous wine jar handles dati…

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Handy, Lowell K., “Gibeon”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 10 August 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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