Religion Past and Present

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(478 words)

[German Version]

was a legendary king of the Sumerian city of Uruk (Mesopotamia: I), c. 2700 bce, and is said to have built its monumental city walls and to have ruled for 126 years. According to tradition he was the son of the goddess Ninsun and the king Lugalbanda. Five Sumerian poems about Gilgamesh from late 3rd millennium bce tell of: 1. his expedition against a monster, Huwawa; 2. his battle with the Bull of Heaven; 3. his war with Agga, the king of the city Kish; 4. the descent of his friend Enkidu to the netherworld; 5. his death and funeral. Early in the 2nd millennium bce, a Babylonian narr…

Cite this page
Foster, Benjamin R., “Gilgamesh”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 27 October 2021 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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