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Golden Rule
(739 words)

[German Version]

I. Ancient Judaism – II. New Testament – III. Ethics

I. Ancient Judaism

An ethical maxim widespread in pagan popular philosophy, the Golden Rule is also found, in negative and positive formulation, in ancient Judaism: Tob 4:15 “Whatever you hate, do to no man”; 2 Enoch 61:1 “What anyone wishes for themself, they should do for every other living thing”; and e.g. Arist 207; Sir 31:15; in Rabbinic literature ARN B 26 (under the name of Aqiva (Akiba) ben Joseph), further usage in ARN B 29; b. Ketub. 72a e…

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Becker, Hans-Jürgen, Thom, Johan C. and Härle, Wilfried, “Golden Rule”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 27 January 2021 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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