Religion Past and Present

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Gradual
(485 words)

[German Version]

I. Liturgy – II. Music

I. Liturgy

Historically, the gradual (graduale) was responsive singing using a psalm text, which followed after the first Scripture reading (Epistle) in the liturgy of the Roman mass. This was followed by a second chant, the Alleluia, sung directly before the Gospel reading. On certain penitential days and during Lent, the Alleluia was replaced by the singing of a psalm text known as the tract. The word gradual referred to the steps (Lat. gradus) of the ambo (Lectern) where the singer stood. In the 1970 …

Cite this page
Mitchell, Nathan D., “Gradual”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 09 December 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1877-5888_rpp_COM_08964>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013



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