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Gregory IX, Pope
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[German Version]

Mar 19, 1227 – Aug 21 or 22, 1241 (Hugo [Ugolino] Count of Segni; b. shortly before 1170, Anagni, Italy). After studying theology and law (Paris; Bologne?), he became cardinal deacon in 1198 and cardinal bishop of Ostia (dean of the college of cardinals) in 1206 under Innocent III. He was repeatedly the papal legate in Germany (1207 struggle for the throne) and central and upper Italy (1217–1219 preparing for the crusade ratified by the Fourth Lateran Council). In 1220, Gregory anointed Frederick Hohenstaufen, but later came into conflict with him, which oversha…

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Köpf, Ulrich, “Gregory IX, Pope”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 14 November 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1877-5888_rpp_SIM_09008>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013



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