Religion Past and Present

Get access

Hadrian IV, Pope
(208 words)

[German Version]

Dec 4, 1154 – Sep 1, 1159 (Nicholas Breakspear; c. 1100, Abbot's Langley or St. Albans, England – Sep 1, 1159, Anagni, Italy) was the only Englishman to become pope. As a young man he moved to France; he became abbot of St. Rufus in Avignon in 1137; in 1149 he became cardinal, and from 1150 to 1153 he was papal legate in Scandinavia. He was elected pope on Dec 4, 1154. Hadrian IV's reign was dominated by struggles with three parties: Emperor Frederick Barbarossa, the commune of Rome led by Arnold of Brescia, and William I of Sicily. In January 1155 he renewed the treaty o…

Cite this page
Tanner, Norman, “Hadrian IV, Pope”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 28 October 2021 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

▲   Back to top   ▲