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Hadrian, Publius Aelius
(139 words)

[German Version]

Hadrian, Publius Aelius, Roman emperor (117–138). Hadrian, who was born in 76 ce in Italica (near Seville) and was “adopted” by Trajan as his successor, protected the empire with an active peace policy. An enthusiastic Philhellene, he adorned Athens with many structures. In Rome, the Pantheon, the temple for Venus and Roma and the Mausoleum (later the papal Castel Sant' Angelo) commemorate the highly educated ruler. The prohibition of circumcision issued throughout the empire and the attempt to reestablish Jerusalem as a pagan city under the name Colonia Ael…

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Klein, Richard, “Hadrian, Publius Aelius”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 13 October 2019 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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