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Hakhamim
(156 words)

[German Version]

In Wisdom and Sirach, Palestinian students of the Torah are already referred to as ḥakhamim, “wise men,” since wisdom is identified with the Torah (cf. e.g. Sir 24:19–29). The same meaning is attached to the term “wise” in the Qumran texts (Qumran) and in the NT. In rabbinic literature, ḥakhamim appears as a self-designation of the Tannaim. In the Mishnah and the Tosefta, halakhic teachings (Halakhah) are handed down in the name of these Hakhamim, who are presented as teachers of the Torah. They are regarded as moral authorities and stand at th…

Cite this page
Hezser, Catherine, “Hakhamim”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 16 October 2019 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1877-5888_rpp_SIM_02814>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013



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