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Heavenly Voice
(387 words)

[German Version]

(Bat Qol). Voices of revelation are quite common in ancient Judaism: in the pseudepigrapha and in apocalypticism, in the “Rewritten Bible” (Jub., LAB), and in the Judeo-Hellenistic authors. In rabbinic literature, the heavenly voice attains particular significance since it appears in the technical term bat qol (origins unexplained; Targumic Aramaic berat qala) in a total of approx. 127 tradition complexes. According to t. Soṭah XIII 3f. parr., as a mediator of revelation it is a substitute for the Holy Spirit of prophecy, although of lesser quality (b. Yoma 9b; Pesiq…

Cite this page
Kuhn, Peter, “Heavenly Voice”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 03 March 2024 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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