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Henry the Lion
(239 words)

[German Version]

(1129/1130 – Aug 6, 1195, Braunschweig), duke of Saxony and Bavaria, son of the Guelph Henry X the Proud, and Gertrud, daughter of Emperor Lothar III, cousin of Frederick Barbarossa. His second marriage was with Mathilde, daughter of King Henry II of England. Henry the Lion was a ruler with great self-confidence and a pronounced drive toward power and possessions. Conquests in the Slavic northeast, territorial expansion, and the founding of dioceses (Oldenburg/Lübeck, Ratzeburg, Schwerin) and cities (Munich, 1157/1158; Lübeck, 1159; expansion of Braunschweig, 11…

Cite this page
Köpf, Ulrich, “Henry the Lion”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 18 August 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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