Religion Past and Present

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(554 words)

[German Version]

(Sanskrit: euphemistic trans. “small vehicle”; originally used pejoratively by the adherents of Mahāyāna in the sense of “lesser vehicle”) designates a number of sometimes quite disparate early Buddhist orientations (Buddhism: I, 6). Bareau (1964) proposed adopting the objectively more correct designation “Early Buddhism/Old Buddhism.” The path to salvation (Redemption/Soteriology: IX) is often considered the unifying element, which is sometimes qualified as selfish: The arhat who strives only for personal salvation is supposed to be the main…

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Mürmel, Heinz, “Hīnayāna”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 25 July 2024 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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