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Holiday Observance
(429 words)

[German Version]


In the early period of the church, participation in worship was an obvious sign of the Christian life (but see Heb 10:25). It is not attested, however, that the Lord's Day was understood in analogy to the Jewish Sabbath as a work-free day of rest. Tertullian seems to be the first to advise deferring business on Sunday and during Pentecost in order to be able to participate in worship (De oratione 23). The situation changed when the church assumed the role of the imperial church in the 4th century. Constantine…

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Bieritz, Karl-Heinrich, “Holiday Observance”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 17 October 2019 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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