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Holy Sepulchre
(1,463 words)

[German Version]

I. Archaeology – II. Art History

I. Archaeology

That Jesus was buried in a rock-cut tomb (Mark 15:46; Matt 27:60; Luke 23:53) was only natural, for earth burial is not attested in Jerusalem (II) until the late Herodian period (Herod/Herodian dynasty) and was extremely rare. A stone rolled to seal the tomb (Mark 15:46; Matt 27:60) presupposes an elevated layout; only John 19:41f. situates it in a garden not far from Golgotha.

That the area to the west of the later Constantinian church site (Constantine the Great) was used a…

Cite this page
Bieberstein, Klaus and Thümmel, Hans Georg, “Holy Sepulchre”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 12 August 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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