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Homer
(430 words)

[German Version]

(2nd half of 8th cent. bce, b. in Smyrna?, d. on Ios?), Greek epic poet. Homer certainly wrote the Iliad, probably the Odyssey; the so-called Homeric Hymns were not authored by him. The Iliad and the Odyssey are the first large-format compositions of written poetry in the history of Europe. They were preceded by traditions reaching back into the 2nd millennium bce and rooted in Mycenaean and Anatolian legends. In spite of this, the epics display a consistent uniformity, especially in their religious conceptions. The gods are conceived of a…

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Mannsperger, Brigitte, “Homer”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 12 April 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1877-5888_rpp_SIM_10032>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013



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