Religion Past and Present

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(ascended the throne 135 bce; d. 104 bce). John Hyrcanus was the son of Simon the Hasmonean, the Jewish leader and de facto ruler of Judea 142–135 bce. After Simon's assassination, he succeeded his father, establishing thereby the Hasmonean dynasty (Maccabees). Although he did not carry the title “king” but only High Priest, his reign can be characterized as consolidating Hasmonean rule in Palestine. He attained full independence from the Seleucid yoke and pursued an active expansionist policy, annexing to Judea …

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Ilan, Tal, “Hyrcanus”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 02 July 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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