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“I” (Ego) Psychology
(385 words)

[German Version]

In S. Freud's understanding, the ego, along with the id and the super-ego, represents one of the three entities in the psychic system (Das Ich und das Es, 1923; ET: The Ego and the Id, 1927). Its origin is not yet sufficiently explained in Freud's writings. Increased observation of the healthy personality (Personality/Personality psychology) and the influence of social factors (impact of A. Adler's individual psychology) and cultural factors led to the insight that the ego, as an expression of the continuity and unity of the individual (P. Fe…

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Fraas, Hans-Jürgen, ““I” (Ego) Psychology”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 29 May 2020 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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