Religion Past and Present

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(930 words)

[German Version]

is a volcanic island in the North Atlantic with an area of 103,000 km2 (23% used for agriculture, 1% is forest). The population (319,756 in 2008) is a homogeneous mix of Norwegian and Celtic influence.

After isolated and brief settlements by Irish monks, the island was settled by Norwegian settlers (mostly directly from Norway, with a minority from Norwegian settlements in Scotland and Ireland together with their Celtic slaves). In 930 these settlers founded a parliament, the Althing, with legislative and judiciary powers in their independent…

Cite this page
Sigurbjörnsson, Einar, “Iceland”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 17 October 2019 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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