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Incantation Bowls
(395 words)

[German Version]

Simple ceramic bowls from houses and tombs, bearing incantation texts and called incantation bowls, have been found in great numbers since 1851 in Mesopotamia (including Nippur, Babylon, Borsippa, Kutha, Kish, Ctesiphon, and Nineveh) and adjacent Huzistan (Susa), along with scattered finds in Syria. Most of the texts, dating from roughly the 5th to 7th centuries ce, are written in Aramaic (Assyrian AS 10a) square script; many are also in Mandaic. Less common are Estrangela, Manichaean script, and (rarely) Pahlavi. There are also many …

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Müller-Kessler, Christa, “Incantation Bowls”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 21 July 2019 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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