Religion Past and Present

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I. History – II. Modern Catholicism

I. History

Indulgences (indulgentia as a fixed technical term since the early 13th cent.; previously also remissio, relaxatio, or absolutio generalis) are rooted in the early medieval system of scheduled penances (Repentance: IV), which allowed fixed forms of satisfaction to be replaced by other acts (“commutation”) or payment of a monetary sum (“redemption”), all meant to be equivalent. The new element in indulgences …

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Ohst, Martin and Müller, Gerhard L., “Indulgence”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 17 April 2021 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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