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ʿIrāq el-Emīr
(205 words)

[German Version]

(east of the Jordan) in the Wādī ṣ-Ṣīr approx. 25 km west of ʿAmmān is identical with Tyros (Sourabitta and Tauros). In the 3rd century bce, Tyros was in the possession of a branch of the Jerusalemite Tobiads, who acted in Tyros as commanders of a semi-autonomous military colony in the service of the Ptolemaic dynasty. Following disputes with the Oniad family, the Tobiad Hyrcanus ben Joseph retreated to Tyros (2 Macc 3:11; Jos. Ant. XII 186–236; cf. CIJ 868). It is uncertain whether the half-Judahite or – Ammonite Tobyah mentioned in Nehemiah 2–4; 6; 13 (5th cent. bce) was an…

Cite this page
Hübner, Ulrich, “ʿIrāq el-Emīr”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 23 May 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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