Religion Past and Present

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(510 words)

[German Version]

I. Old Testament – II. Islam

I. Old Testament

Through recourse to the name of a northern Arabian tribal confederation in the 7th century bce (*Šamaʿʾil; attested in Neo-Assyrian sources and reflected in Gen 25:13–15 [P]), which was transformed in analogy to “Isaac",” the figure of Ishmael served the parties in the course of the edition of the Pentateuch in defining the proximity or distance between the two sons of Abraham", Ishmael and Isaac, that is, Jews and Arabs (including Idumeans), who shared the …

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Knauf, Ernst Axel and Nagel, Tilman, “Ishmael”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 25 January 2021 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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