Religion Past and Present

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[German Version]

I. Origin and Spread – II. Doctrine – III. Islamic Philosophy – IV. Islamic Art (Architecture and Book Art) – V. Islamic Studies – VI. Christianity and Islam – VII. Judaism and Islam – VIII. Islam in Europe – IX. Islam in North America – X. Political Islamism

I. Origin and Spread

1. Muḥammad and his m…

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Nagel, Tilman, Ende, Werner, Radtke, Bernd, Rudolph, Ulrich, Krawietz, Birgit, Paul, Jürgen, Endreß, Gerhard, Barrucand, Marianne, Bobzin, Hartmut, Nielsen, Jørgen S. et al., “Islam”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 02 March 2021 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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