Religion Past and Present

Get access

(1,848 words)

[German Version]

I. Old Testament – II. Judaism

I. Old Testament

1. Name

The anthroponym Jacob (יַעֲקוֹב/yaʿaqôb) is attested as a common name throughout the ancient Near East from Mesopotamia and Egypt in the 2nd millennium as ia()qub-(ēl) to late 1st-millennium Palmyra as yʿqwb. As a sentence name it derives from the verbal root ʿqb (Old South Arab. and Eth.: “protect”; Ug.: “be near”), so that the theophoric form may be translated “God protects” or “God is near.” In the Hebrew Bible, only the hypocoristi…

Cite this page
Otto, Eckart, Niehoff, Maren and Campanini, Saverio, “Jacob”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 28 June 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

▲   Back to top   ▲