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Jerusalem, the Heavenly
(818 words)

[German Version]

The notion of a new Jerusalem, an eschatological city of God on Mount Zion is already developed in the Old Testament (Zion Pss; Isa 28:16; 54:11f.; Ezek 40:2; 48:30–35; etc.); it was further nurtured by early Judaism (Qumran; 4 Ezra; etc.). The tendency to separate the heavenly Jerusalem from the earthly one, already apparent in the OT texts, became stronger, especially after the destruction of Jerusalem by Titus in 70 ce. Thus 2 Bar. 4:2–6 states that the true Jerusalem intended by God is not the visible city; it is instead the preexistent Jerusalem, …

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Köpf, Ulrich, “Jerusalem, the Heavenly”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 20 October 2020 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1877-5888_rpp_SIM_10823>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013



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