Religion Past and Present

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I. From the Exile to the Arab Conquest – II. To 1800 – III. 1800 to the Present

I. From the Exile to the Arab Conquest

In 539 bce, the Persian ruler Cyrus conquered the kingdom of Babylonia. He is reputed to have permitted a group of Judahites deported to Mesopotamia to return to their homeland (“Babylonian Exile”). It would have been consonant with the restorative policies of Cyrus to present himself as the liberator of various na…

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Schwartz, Seth, Gotzmann, Andreas and Meyer, Michael A., “Judaism”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 20 March 2023 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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