Religion Past and Present

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(525 words)

[German Version]

I. Name and Image – II. Cult

I. Name and Image

1. In the Roman pantheon (II), the name Jupiter denotes the “father of heaven” (Diespiter, Jovis Pater; vocative: Ju-piter), the highest position, the power and the right (not war and violence), the principle of sovereignty and legitimacy in all spheres of life, the family, the state, history. He is the “grandest and best” (optimus maximus), the “king,” the “father.” The name and the connection with the light of heaven (cf. dies, “day”) and to divination through the …

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Cancik, Hubert, “Jupiter”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 19 July 2024 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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