Religion Past and Present

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Kalands Brethren
(214 words)

[German Version]

(fratres calendarii). In the late Middle Ages, Kalands Brethren were religious brotherhoods (II, 1; fraternitates), widespread especially in lower Saxony, membership in which was generally reserved for priests. One can divide the widely varied, guild-like alliances, named Kalands Brethren since the 13th century (after their worship assemblies on the calends of each month), into parish Kalands Brethren, Kalands Brethren founded by the nobility, and – only in northern Germany – the “Sedes Kalands Br…

Cite this page
Schneider, Bernd Christian, “Kalands Brethren”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 10 July 2020 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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