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Kirchlich-sozial (Movements)
(626 words)

[German Version]

The expression kirchlich-sozial (“church-social”) first appeared in 1848 in the writings of J. Wichern. At that time, Wichern did not yet distinguish between “Church-social,” “Christian-social,” and “Protestant-social.” With the establishment of the Evangelisch-Sozialer Kongreß (Protestant Social Congress) in 1890, however, these adjectives denoted increasingly different positions with regard to Protestant social reform. The term “Protestant-social” was now claimed by the bourgeois liberal reformers associated wi…

Cite this page
Graf, Friedrich Wilhelm, “Kirchlich-sozial (Movements)”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 30 July 2021 <http://dx.doi.org/10.1163/1877-5888_rpp_SIM_11788>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013



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