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(161 words)

[German Version]

(344, Kuča [Chinese Qinci] – 411/413, Changʾan) was a Buddhist scholar of noble descent. As a novice, he studied the teachings of the Sarvāstivāda, later specializing in the Mādhyamika, Nyāya, and Sāṃkhya. He was brought to Liangzhou as a prisoner in 384 and from there to Changʾan (Eastern Qin) in 402 by Yao Xing (Yao Ying). In the Caotang Si monastery, where a commemoration stele and a meditation hall are still to be seen, Kumārajīva and his team translated 53 texts by order of the emperor between 402 and 411, including Nāgārjuna's extensive Da zhidu lun (Mahāprajñāpāramitā…

Cite this page
Astley, Ian, “Kumārajīva”, in: Religion Past and Present. Consulted online on 16 August 2022 <>
First published online: 2011
First print edition: ISBN: 9789004146662, 2006-2013

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